Installing Redmine 2.1 on Debian Squeeze with Apache modPassenger
This article is co-authored by Jérôme Warnier, from work mostly done by him with my occasional support. Kudos go to him.
We couldn’t find any valuable manual to install Redmine 2.1 on Debian Squeeze, and we sure met a lot of resistance along the way, so we came up with the following step-by-step guide…
Sources of inspiration
We used the following resources as a starting point. Thanks to their respective authors.
- http://madpropellerhead.com/random/20100820-installing-redmine-on-debian-with-apache (outdated, for Lenny)
We take as given that:
- We are using a Debian Squeeze installation
- We have root access to this machine
- There is public access to the machine itself (public IP)
- We are able to define a public domain (or subdomain) name for this Redmine installation
- We have access to define a database (we chose MySQL) user for Redmine (this is important to avoid security risks in sharing accounts with another web system). We also assume that we already have a MySQL server installation
- We will be using Apache 2′s modPassenger (and Apache 2 is already installed on the server)
- We will be using redmine.example.com; so every time you see this below, replace it by your own domain
We will first need to install basic packages:
apt-get install ruby rubygems libruby libapache2-mod-passenger
Download the latest version of Redmine (2.1.0 in our case) and untar it, then move it to /usr/local/share
ln /usr/local/share/redmine-2.1.0 /usr/local/share/redmine
chown -R root:root /usr/local/share/redmine-2.1.0
Install development libraries for MySQL:
apt-get install libmysqlclient-dev
Install development libs for Imagick:
apt-get install libmagickcore-dev libmagickwand-dev (install shitload of packages)
Running the Gem stuff
Install Bundler (removing useless module, which would otherwise create dependencies):
gem install bundler
/var/lib/gems/1.8/bin/bundle install --without development test postgresql sqlite
Copy config/database.yml.example to config/database.yml and edit this file in order to configure your database settings for “production” environment.
Example for a MySQL database using ruby1.8 or jruby:
Generate a session store secret:
Generate the database structure:
RAILS_ENV=production /var/lib/gems/1.8/bin/rake db:migrate
Generate default configuration data:
RAILS_ENV=production /var/lib/gems/1.8/bin/rake redmine:load_default_data
(using “es” for Spanish language in terminal prompt)
Setup config file in config/configuration.yml
Change database_ciphr_key: *******
/var/lib/gems/1.8/bin/rake db:encrypt RAILS_ENV=production
Setup Apache’s VirtualHost config
# 8080 in this case is because we use a reverse proxy before Apache. Otherwise use :80
There’s technically nothing special with the Apache config, given with use modPassenger, which makes Apache automatically detect Ruby files and interpret them with the right module… Just pointing to the right directory is enough.
Once you enable this virtual host (a2ensite redmine.example.com) and reload Apache (/etc/init.d/apache2/reload), you should see your site running on http://redmine.example.com.
The default login/password is admin/admin (don’t forget to change this).